Journal of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 101--104

Face turns in Type 1 Duane's retraction syndrome – Right? Left? or none?


Snehal Rhishikesh Thakre, Jyotika Prasanna Mishrikotkar, Pradnya Ashish Deshmukh 
 Department of Ophthalmology, MGM Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Snehal Rhishikesh Thakre
Department of Ophthalmology, MGM Medical College, N-6 CIDCO, Aurangabad - 431 006, Maharashtra
India

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to create awareness about the face turns in Type 1 Duane's retraction syndrome (DRS). Subjects and Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of 27 cases of Type 1 DRS seen in a teaching hospital. A complete strabismus workup with emphasis on deviation in primary gaze and presence and direction of anomalous head posture was done. Results: Of 27 patients, 9 patients (33.33%) had esotropia, 8 (29.63%) had exotropia, whereas 10 (37.03%) were orthotropic in primary gaze; 17 (62.96%) had a face turn, 9 (33.33%) patients had a face turn toward the affected side, 8 (29.63%) toward the sound side, while 10 (37.03%) did not have a face turn. Conclusions: It is important to be aware that patients with Type 1 DRS may have an associated face turn; the direction of which is variable depending on the deviation present in the primary position. Awareness of this interesting observation of the variations in face turn prevents a misdiagnosis of sixth nerve palsy which has more serious clinical implications.


How to cite this article:
Thakre SR, Mishrikotkar JP, Deshmukh PA. Face turns in Type 1 Duane's retraction syndrome – Right? Left? or none?.J Clin Ophthalmol Res 2019;7:101-104


How to cite this URL:
Thakre SR, Mishrikotkar JP, Deshmukh PA. Face turns in Type 1 Duane's retraction syndrome – Right? Left? or none?. J Clin Ophthalmol Res [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Sep 24 ];7:101-104
Available from: http://www.jcor.in/article.asp?issn=2320-3897;year=2019;volume=7;issue=3;spage=101;epage=104;aulast=Thakre;type=0