Home Print this page Email this page Users Online: 568
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 


 
 Table of Contents  
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 127-128

Can you identify this conjunctival pigmentation?


Department of Ophthalmology, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Date of Web Publication11-Dec-2019

Correspondence Address:
Amol Ganvir
Department of Ophthalmology, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar Road, Sion, Mumbai - 400 022, Maharashtra
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcor.jcor_36_18

Rights and Permissions

How to cite this article:
Ganvir A, Shirwadkar S, Potdar N, Shinde CA. Can you identify this conjunctival pigmentation?. J Clin Ophthalmol Res 2019;7:127-8

How to cite this URL:
Ganvir A, Shirwadkar S, Potdar N, Shinde CA. Can you identify this conjunctival pigmentation?. J Clin Ophthalmol Res [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Jul 6];7:127-8. Available from: http://www.jcor.in/text.asp?2019/7/3/127/272707



Sir,

Conjunctival pigmentations are most deceptive lesions in clinical practice. It is important to distinguish it from nevus, racial melanosis, primary acquired melanosis, ocular melanocytosis, and conjunctival melanoma. Size, shape, margins, extent, locations, course of the lesion, and histopathology analysis narrow down the confusion, and of course, proper history also gives a clue in the diagnosis. Racial melanosis is a bilateral condition characterized by with flat pigmentation and poorly defined margins. It is commonly seen at the limbus. Conjunctival nevus lesions are slightly elevated, sessile and contain stromal cyst.[1] Primary acquired melanosis has typical flat lesion located near the limbus with poorly defined margins. Conjunctival melanoma is elevated, pigmented, and well-defined lesion. Ocular melanocytosis is a congenital lesion which has flat pigmentation involving the sclera.[2]

We hereby describe a condition which was mimic like nevus, primary acquired melanosis. A 55-year-old male patient came with conjunctival black pigmentations in both eyes. Lesions were elevated with irregular margin [Figure 1] and Video 1]. The same elevated lesion scattered below both eyelid skins. There was a history of intermittent shedding of black dots, and kohl along lid margins aroused suspicion. With sterile cotton bud, embedded kohl particles were removed from the fornices [Figure 2]. One should always keep in mind when we met with conjunctival pigmentation, embedded kohl could be one of the differential diagnosis.
Figure 1: Everted left eye upper eyelid shows black pigmentation and lower face shows cutaneous nevus

Click here to view
Figure 2: The same lesion disappeared after scrub it from cotton bud

Click here to view


The patient was having dark pigmented skin and bilateral pigmentation with poorly defined margins. Black hyperpigmented lesions were present below both eyelids since birth. Keen observation of Surma in both eyelids margin, foreign body sensation and watering in both eyes gives us clue for a possible embedded kohl. The patient was using Surma since 3 years as religious belief. Surma particles were embedded in the upper palpebral conjunctiva and fornices. Kajal (Surma) is a common cosmetic among the Indian people, and its use in pediatric age is very prevalent. The beliefs and practices are related to Muslim religion.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Shields CL, Shields JA. Tumors of the conjunctiva and cornea. Surv Ophthalmol 2004;49:3-24.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Folberg R. Melanocytic lesions of the conjunctiva. In: Spencer WH, editor. Ophthalmic Pathology: An Atlas and Textbook. 4th ed. Vol. 1. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1996. p. 125-47.  Back to cited text no. 2
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]



 

Top
 
 
  Search
 
Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
Access Statistics
Email Alert *
Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)

 
  In this article
References
Article Figures

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed133    
    Printed0    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded44    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal